This website illustrates how Civil Engineers may make greater use of the Global Patent System to Promote Progress in their Field.
The American Founders included Patent Rights in the United States Constitution to Promote Progress.
USPTO, PTAB, and Appeal to the Courts
U.S. Patenting
      The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has its main campus in the Washington, D.C., suburb of Alexandria, Virginia.  Most of the corps of about 6,000 Patent Examiners have offices in Alexandria.  Following the enactment of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, the USPTO is also expanding to open satellite offices in four other U.S. metropolitan areas:  Dallas, Denver, Detroit, and the Silicon Valley area.    

     Applicants may appeal adverse decisions from Examiners internally within the USPTO to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB).  Please see Appeal to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board.    

Under the 2011 Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, an Applicant may appeal an adverse decision from the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) directly to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit under 35 U.S.C. 141, or to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia as a civil action under 35 U.S.C. 145.
Tappan Zee Bridge in New York
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